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Recent Advances in Drug Design of Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Inhibitors

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The tyrosine kinase epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) has emerged in recent years as a key and validated target of targeted therapies for solid tumors. It plays a central role in oncology since it is involved in many steps of tumor progression such as proliferation, angiogenesis, invasiveness, decreased apoptosis, and loss of differentiation. Recent advances in targeted therapies have demonstrated that tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs), have provided a marked benefit to subsets of patients whose tumors harbor specific genetic abnormalities. However, resistance phenomenon appears rapidly and patients with EGFR mutations acquire resistance to TKI inhibitors decreasing therefore the median time to disease progression to few months. Several strategies were envisioned to overcome this resistance, such as dual–target inhibitors, multitarget and combined therapy. This review summarizes recent advances in TKIs development with special focus on rational strategies for the design of potent EGFR inhibitors including molecular modeling studies based on crystallographic data. Such advances open the way for new research possibilities in modern medicinal chemistry combined to structure-based drug design.
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Keywords: Breast cancer; EGFR; NSCLC; drug design; irreversible inhibitors; mutation; reversible inhibitors

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2013-05-01

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  • Current Medicinal Chemistry covers all the latest and outstanding developments in medicinal chemistry and rational drug design. Each issue contains a series of timely in-depth reviews written by leaders in the field covering a range of the current topics in medicinal chemistry. Current Medicinal Chemistry is an essential journal for every medicinal chemist who wishes to be kept informed and up-to-date with the latest and most important developments.
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