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Immunophilins are Involved in the Altered Platelet Aggregation Observed in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

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Abstract:

Platelet hyperaggregability might contribute to vascular complications associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2).Experimental evidence supports a direct link between altered Ca2+ entry and hyperaggregability in DM2 patients. Objectives: We aimed to investigate whether altered immunophilin expression and function are involved in the abnormal Ca2+ entry observed in platelets from DM2 patients. Results: Inhibition of immunophilins by tacrolimus (FK506) and sirolimus (rapamycin) reduced Ca2+ entry in platelets from healthy donors and DM2 patients. Similarly, immunophilin inhibitors reduced platelet degranulation in both healthy and DM2 subjects. Nevertheless,α-granule secretion reduction was greater than that observed for dense granules in platelets from DM2 patients. However, no difference was observed in the inhibition of secretion in platelets from healthy subjects. Additionally, altered expression of FK506 binding protein-52 (FKBP52) and coupling to Ca2+ channels were found in platelets from DM2 patients compared to healthy subjects. Finally, reduction in platelet function from healthy subjects and DM2 patients in the presence of immunophilin antagonists was observed, being this dysfunction more evident in platelets from DM2 patients. Conclusions: We suggest that, among others, FKBP52 expression and function are altered in platelets from DM2 patients, contributing to the altered Ca2+ entry and hyperaggregability in these cells.

Keywords: Aggregation; DM2; FKBP52; SOCE; immunophilin; secretion

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: May 1, 2013

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  • Current Medicinal Chemistry covers all the latest and outstanding developments in medicinal chemistry and rational drug design. Each issue contains a series of timely in-depth reviews written by leaders in the field covering a range of the current topics in medicinal chemistry. Current Medicinal Chemistry is an essential journal for every medicinal chemist who wishes to be kept informed and up-to-date with the latest and most important developments.
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