Skip to main content

MicroRNA Profiling as a Tool for Pathway Analysis in a Human In Vitro Model for Neural Development

Buy Article:

$63.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Abstract:

MicroRNAs (miRNA) are a recently recognised class of small, non-coding RNAs involved in the post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression and with crucial implication for mammalian development. In particular, they play key roles in neuronal development, from early neurogenesis to neuronal differentiation and synaptic development, and also in in vitro systems. The detection of embryotoxic hazards in the preclinical phase is still a challenge, often due to species-species variations. In this study we analysed whether miRNA expression profiles in a human pluripotent cell model can be a helpful tool for a more mechanistic approach to pharmacology and toxicology. Differentiating human pluripotent cells were repeatedly treated with non-cytotoxic doses of methylmercury chloride (MeHgCl), a well known brain developmental toxicant. The expression of proteins, mRNA and miRNAs were used to monitor successful neural differentiation. Significant changes in the expression of 12 miRNAs were detected. By using available bioinformatics tools, we obtained validated and predicted targets for the identified miRNAs, on which we performed functional clustering analysis. Through this approach, we identified several terms and functional clusters associated with neural development, together with indicators of general toxic effect, such as apoptosis or stress response-related genes. Interestingly, our results also suggest a previously undiscovered association between MeHgCl and the ubiquitin-proteasome protein degradation pathway. Although further investigations are needed, our results suggest that miRNA expression analysis is a powerful tool in pathway-oriented toxicity and could improve earlyphase hazard assessments.

Keywords: ESNATS; H9 cell line; methylmercury chloride; miRNA; neurotoxicity; pluripotent stem cells; predictive readout; prenatal toxicity; safety assessment

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.2174/092986712804485665

Publication date: 2012-12-01

More about this publication?
  • Current Medicinal Chemistry covers all the latest and outstanding developments in medicinal chemistry and rational drug design. Each issue contains a series of timely in-depth reviews written by leaders in the field covering a range of the current topics in medicinal chemistry. Current Medicinal Chemistry is an essential journal for every medicinal chemist who wishes to be kept informed and up-to-date with the latest and most important developments.
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more