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Recent Advances in the Structure-Based Design of Neuraminidase Inhibitors as Antiinfluenza Agents

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Influenza is an infection of the upper respiratory tract caused by influenza virus. Neuraminidase (NA) plays an essential role in replication and infection of influenza virus. It is considered as a suitable target for antivirus agents development. Several potent NA inhibitors (NAIs) developed by using structure-based rational design have been widely used in clinic for treatment of influenza. However, the emergence of NA inhibitor-resistant virus mutations significantly limit their effectiveness. The molecular basis of virus resistance to NAIs has been a focus of intensive research. This review highlights recent progress in rational design and resistance mechanism of NAIs. We hope this review will be useful to not only researchers who are interested in developing novel NAIs but also clinical pharmacists.

Keywords: Neuraminidase (NA); anti-influenza agents; computer-aided drug design; resistance

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: 2012-12-01

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  • Current Medicinal Chemistry covers all the latest and outstanding developments in medicinal chemistry and rational drug design. Each issue contains a series of timely in-depth reviews written by leaders in the field covering a range of the current topics in medicinal chemistry. Current Medicinal Chemistry is an essential journal for every medicinal chemist who wishes to be kept informed and up-to-date with the latest and most important developments.
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