New Pentamidine Analogues in Medicinal Chemistry
Abstract:Sixty years after its introduction, 1,5-bis(4-amidinophenoxy)pentane (Pentamidine) is still one of the most used drugs for the treatment of the first stage of Human African trypanosomiasis and other neglected diseases such as malaria and leishmaniasis. These protozoan infections are prevalent in the poorest world areas such as sub-saharian and developing countries, however the increasing immigration from these countries to the richest part of the world and the overlap of HIV with parasitic infections result in a growing number of cases in developed nations. A great effort has been made to develop new generations of diamidines for the treatment of these infections transmitted by insects. This review summarises the synthesis and evaluation of pentamidine analogues reported in the last years in the effort to find new drugs with better pharmaceutical activity, higher lipophilicity and lower citotoxycicty.
Keywords: 1,5-bis(4-amidinophenoxy)pentane; Amidines; amidinoximes; benzimidazoles; diamidines; furamidines; human african trypanosomiasis(HAT); leishmania; nitriles; pentamidine analogues; pneumocystis carinii pneumomia; trypanosoma brucei
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: December 1, 2012
- Current Medicinal Chemistry covers all the latest and outstanding developments in medicinal chemistry and rational drug design. Each issue contains a series of timely in-depth reviews written by leaders in the field covering a range of the current topics in medicinal chemistry. Current Medicinal Chemistry is an essential journal for every medicinal chemist who wishes to be kept informed and up-to-date with the latest and most important developments.