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Validation of a Generation 4 Phosphorus-Containing Polycationic Dendrimer for Gene Delivery Against HIV-1

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Gene therapy, in which oligomeric genetic material is carried into cells by nano-sized gene delivery vehicles to interfere with gene expression, represents a promising approach for preventive therapy against HIV/AIDS pandemic. Herein, we evaluate the usefulness of a phosphorus-containing dendrimer G4(NH+Et2Cl-)96 as a delivery agent of ODNs and siRNAs. G4(NH+Et2Cl-)96 formed stable complexes with ODNs or siRNAs and exhibited very low cytotoxicity in Sup T1 cells or PBMC. Functional validation was performed by using specific siRNA against HIV-1 Nef, siNEF to interfere in HIV-1 replication. G4(NH+Et2Cl-)96/siNEF dendriplex showed a high efficiency in Nef silencing. Furthermore, in vitro treatment of HIV-infected PBMC with G4(NH+Et2Cl-)96/siNEF dendriplex significantly reduced the viral replication. Our results prove the usefulness of phosphorus-containing dendrimers to deliver and transfect siRNA into CD4-T cells as a potential alternative therapy in the HIV-1 infection.

Keywords: HIV; Nanomedicine; oligodeoxynucleotides; phosphorus dendrimer; siRNA and gene therapy

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: October 1, 2012

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  • Current Medicinal Chemistry covers all the latest and outstanding developments in medicinal chemistry and rational drug design. Each issue contains a series of timely in-depth reviews written by leaders in the field covering a range of the current topics in medicinal chemistry. Current Medicinal Chemistry is an essential journal for every medicinal chemist who wishes to be kept informed and up-to-date with the latest and most important developments.

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