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Oxidized-LDL and Paraoxonase-1 As Biomarkers of Coronary Artery Disease in Patients with Sleep-Disordered Breathing

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Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) and Objectives: Sleep Disordered Breathing (SDB) are both oxidative stress disorders. SDB intermittent hypoxia induces oxidative stress, and reduces NO• availability, causing endothelial dysfunction. Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) peroxidation is involved in atherosclerosis, and is reported in SDB. Oxidized LDL (ox-LDL) and malondialdehyde (MDA) are lipid peroxidation markers. High-density lipoprotein (HDL) presents antiatherosclerotic properties related to paraxonase-1 (PON-1) activity. PON-1 hydrolyseyses lipid peroxides as ox-LDL. This study compares the relationship of HDL and PON-1, the lipid peroxidation markers ox-LDL and MDA, and 8-OHdG DNA damage marker in the association of SDB and CAD. Design and Methods: 29 controls and 27 cases with CAD (defined as > 30% coronary narrowing) patients were included. The apnea-hypopnea index (AHI), and several lipid and oxidative stress parameters were measured in these patients. Results: AHI is increased in CAD patients, and PON-1 activity and HDL levels are decreased. Regression analyseyses showed that lower PON-1 activity and higher ox-LDL levels are important CAD predictors, compared to HDL or MDA levels and present an age-dependent increase. Nitrites and nitrates, indirect NO• markers, are positive vs correlated with PON-1 and are negatively correlated to ox-LDL. SDB is not correlated to PON-1 activity decrease or ox-LDL increase. AHI is inversely correlated to HDL levels. Conclusions: These results indicate that PON-1 and ox-LDL are important predictors of CAD, however they may not be directly related to SDB.
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Keywords: Atherosclerosis; Coronary Artery Disease (CAD); HDL; LDL; NO•; PON-1; Sleep Disordered Breathing (SDB); endothelial dysfunction; obstructive sleep apnea; ox-LDL

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2012-09-01

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