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Insights into Targeting Colon Cancer Cell Fate at the Level of Proteoglycans / Glycosaminoglycans

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Abstract:

Proteoglycans (PGs), glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) and hyaluronan as a free GAG, have unique structural characteristics which enable them via specific interactions with matrix proteins and cell surface receptors to regulate key tumor cell functions and thus to affect cancer growth and progression. This article explores the many layers of interdependent signaling among transformed colon epithelial cells, neighboring stromal cells and their respective PGs / GAGs components along the insidious and often deadly route of colon cancer progression. Specifically addressed is the altered deposition of PGs / GAGs by colon cancer cells; the effects of these malignant cells on gene expression and biosynthesis of PGs / GAGs of the surrounding stromal cells and the signaling pathways involved, with the utmost goal to highlight potential therapeutic targets in the rapidly developing field of glycan-based therapy.

Keywords: Colorectal cancer; chondroitin sulfate; glycan-based therapy; glycosaminoglycans; heparan sulfate; hyaluronan; metastasis; proteoglycans; therapeutic targets; tumor cell signaling

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.2174/092986712802884268

Publication date: 2012-09-01

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  • Current Medicinal Chemistry covers all the latest and outstanding developments in medicinal chemistry and rational drug design. Each issue contains a series of timely in-depth reviews written by leaders in the field covering a range of the current topics in medicinal chemistry. Current Medicinal Chemistry is an essential journal for every medicinal chemist who wishes to be kept informed and up-to-date with the latest and most important developments.
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