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Nonanolides of Natural Origin: Structure, Synthesis, and Biological Activity

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Naturally occurring nonanolides (synonym decanolides) are a large family of secondary metabolites with an interesting 10- membered macrolide subunit. Metabolites of the nonanolide family have been found to have various biological activities, including cytotoxic, phytotoxic, antimalarial, antifungal, antibacterial, and antimicrofilament activities. An early review of the chemistry and bioactivity of nonanolides was presented in 1996, covering the literature published between 1975 and 1995. During the past decades, the broad spectrum of bioactivity and the intriguing structure of the medium-sized ring in nonanolide analogues have continuously drawn the attention of biologists and natural product and synthetic chemists, resulting in a great number of publications. This review summarizes in whole the recent progress in the field of the nonanolides of natural origin, aiming to give the readers a brief view of the compounds, concerning their natural occurrence, structural elucidation, biological activities, total synthesis, and structure-activity relationships. The article covers the literature published in the period from the beginning of 1996 to July 2011.
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Keywords: 10-membered lactone; Nonanolide; Yamaguchi lactonization; biological activity; decanolide; fungal secondary metabolites; nonenolide; phytotoxicity; ring closing metathesis (RCM); structure-activity relationships (SAR); synthesis

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2012-07-01

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  • Current Medicinal Chemistry covers all the latest and outstanding developments in medicinal chemistry and rational drug design. Each issue contains a series of timely in-depth reviews written by leaders in the field covering a range of the current topics in medicinal chemistry. Current Medicinal Chemistry is an essential journal for every medicinal chemist who wishes to be kept informed and up-to-date with the latest and most important developments.
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