Molecular Property Filters Describing Pharmacokinetics and Drug Binding

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Abstract:

Drug-target binding affinity and pharmacokinetics are equally important factors of drug design. Simple molecular properties such as molecular size have been used as pharmacokinetic and/or drug-likeness filters during chemical library design and also correlated with binding affinity. In the present study, current property filters are reviewed, a collection of their optimal values is provided, and a statistical framework is introduced allowing calibration of their selectivity and sensitivity for drugs. The role of ligand efficiency indices in drug design is also described. It is concluded that the usefulness of property filters of molecular size and lipophilicity is limited as predictors of general drug-likeness. However, they demonstrate increased performance in specific cases, e.g. in central nervous system diseases, emphasizing their future importance in specific, disease-focused library design instead of general drug-likeness filtering.

Keywords: Binding site; Wiener index; entropy; free energy; logP; molecule; pocket; protein; structure; target

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/092986712799945021

Publication date: April 1, 2012

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  • Current Medicinal Chemistry covers all the latest and outstanding developments in medicinal chemistry and rational drug design. Each issue contains a series of timely in-depth reviews written by leaders in the field covering a range of the current topics in medicinal chemistry. Current Medicinal Chemistry is an essential journal for every medicinal chemist who wishes to be kept informed and up-to-date with the latest and most important developments.
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