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Converting Peptides into Drug Leads by Lipidation

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Abstract:

Lipidation is a posttranslational modification of proteins that has also found its use in designing peptide drugs. The presence of a lipid group in peptides modulates their hydrophobicity, secondary structures and self-assembling propensities while retaining their abilities to bind to target receptors. Lipidation improves peptidesa' metabolic stability, membrane permeability, bioavailability, and changes peptides' pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic properties. Herein, we review the applications of various lipidation strategies in peptide drug design, the effects of the chain length and anchor position of fatty acids in peptide lipidation, the physicochemical and biological properties of selected lipidated peptides and the synthesis strategies for peptide lipidation.

Keywords: ADME; lipidated peptide; lipidation; lipoamino acids; peptide; peptide SAR; peptide secondary structure; peptide selfassembling; peptide serum stability; peptide synthesis

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/092986712799945003

Publication date: April 1, 2012

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  • Current Medicinal Chemistry covers all the latest and outstanding developments in medicinal chemistry and rational drug design. Each issue contains a series of timely in-depth reviews written by leaders in the field covering a range of the current topics in medicinal chemistry. Current Medicinal Chemistry is an essential journal for every medicinal chemist who wishes to be kept informed and up-to-date with the latest and most important developments.

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