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Advancements in Z-DNA: Development of Inducers and Stabilizers for B to Z Transition

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Z-DNA, an active element in genome, has drawn intense interest in chemical and biological field. Its dynamic and transient state makes it challenging to target and regulate. Thus, stabilizing and inducing Z-DNA both in vitro and in vivo is essential, so far, much many efforts have been made in these aspects. However, Z-DNA's induction and stabilization are always performed in high salt condition and sequence-dependent, limited inducers or stabilizers have been achieved with breakthrough in the aspects of real physiological condition and sequence-independence. Herein, we give a review of some typical kinds of Z-DNA inducers and stabilizers, discussing their inducing or stabilizing condition, mechanism, structural relationship and their limitation as well, attempted to get some implication and guidance for Z-DNA inducer or stabilizer design.

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Keywords: Nucleic acids; Z-DNA; conformational transition; genome; inducer; macromolecules; mechanism; physiological; stabilizer; topologies

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2012-02-01

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