Small Molecule Inhibitors of STAT3 for Cancer Therapy
Abstract:Aberrant activation of the signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) 3 occurs in many human tumors. Constitutive STAT3 activity induces specific target genes that stimulate cell proliferation, prevent apoptosis, promote angiogenesis and facilitate tumor immune evasion. Thus, STAT3 is an attractive molecular target for the development of novel cancer therapeutics. Targeting and disruption of oncogenic STAT3 signaling may theoretically be accomplished through various approaches, involving direct and indirect strategies. Small molecular weight compounds have been used for this purpose. This review is intended to be full coverage of the small molecular inhibitors to develop direct STAT3 as a target for cancer therapy and will provide a discussion on the inhibitory modalities developed to date. At present, we retrieved related small molecular inhibitors experimental research papers about STAT3 as a cancer therapy target, the rationale to pursue the protein for the discovery and development of novel anticancer strategies and agents.
Keywords: Antitumor therapeutics; STAT3 activity; activator of transcription 3; molecular targeted therapy; signal transducer; signal transducer and activator of transcription 3; small molecule inhibitors
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: September 1, 2011
- Current Medicinal Chemistry covers all the latest and outstanding developments in medicinal chemistry and rational drug design. Each issue contains a series of timely in-depth reviews written by leaders in the field covering a range of the current topics in medicinal chemistry. Current Medicinal Chemistry is an essential journal for every medicinal chemist who wishes to be kept informed and up-to-date with the latest and most important developments.