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Modified cAMP Derivatives: Powerful Tools in Heart Research

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Abstract:

Receptor-mediated changes in intracellular cyclic AMP concentration play critical role in the autonomic control of the heart, including regulation of a variety of ion channels via mechanisms involving protein kinase A, EPAC, or direct actions on cyclic nucleotide gated ion channels. In case of any ion channel, the actual signal transduction cascade can be identified by using properly modified cAMP derivatives with altered binding and activating properties. In this study we focus to structural modifications of cAMP resulting in specific activator and blocking effects on PKA or EPAC. Involvement of the cAMP-dependent signal transduction pathway in controlling rapid delayed rectifier K+ current was studied in canine ventricular myocytes using these specific cAMP analogues. Adrenergic stimulation increased the density of IKr in canine ventricular cells, which effect was mediated by a PKA-dependent but EPAC-independent pathway. It was also shown that intracellular application of large concentrations of cAMP failed to fully activate PKA comparing to the effect of isoproterenol, forskolin, or PDE-resistant cAMP derivatives. This difference was fully abolished following inhibition of phosphodiesterase by IBMX. These results are in line with the concept of compartmentalized release, action, and degradation of cAMP within signalosomes.





Keywords: Adrenergic stimulation; EPAC; cAMP analogues; cyclic nucleotide; dog myocytes; intracellular compartmentalization; modified cAMP derivatives; phosphodiesterase; protein kinase A; rapid delayed rectifier K+ current

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/092986711796642445

Publication date: August 1, 2011

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  • Current Medicinal Chemistry covers all the latest and outstanding developments in medicinal chemistry and rational drug design. Each issue contains a series of timely in-depth reviews written by leaders in the field covering a range of the current topics in medicinal chemistry. Current Medicinal Chemistry is an essential journal for every medicinal chemist who wishes to be kept informed and up-to-date with the latest and most important developments.
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