This review aims to highlight many of the difficulties encountered in trying to achieve the task of delivering proteins and peptides through oral administration. The necessity of controlled protein and peptide release, protection and stability in the gastrointestinal tract, and ability to target specific areas are only a handful of the many problems associated with trying to engineer a useful solution. Current research gives strong indication that both cyclodextrins and nanoparticles could be highly useful in the search for a suitable method for such successful oral delivery of proteins and peptides. This review focuses on the use of cyclodextrins in pharmaceuticals, aiming to discuss the use of cyclodextrins in conjunction with nanoparticles for oral delivery of proteins. Both classical applications and more advanced “nanomedical” approaches are discussed. In order to achieve a complete overview this review will include background information about cyclodextrins, nanomedicine and their role in oral delivery systems. The use of absorption enhancers like cyclodextrins, bile salts and surfactants was used to facilitate bio-availability into the system. The state-of-the-art technology and challenges in this area are discussed, with typical examples.
Current Medicinal Chemistry covers all the latest and outstanding developments in medicinal chemistry and rational drug design. Each issue contains a series of timely in-depth reviews written by leaders in the field covering a range of the current topics in medicinal chemistry. Current Medicinal Chemistry is an essential journal for every medicinal chemist who wishes to be kept informed and up-to-date with the latest and most important developments.