Skip to main content

Neuroinflammation and Neuroprotection: An Update on (Future) Neurotrophin-Related Strategies in Multiple Sclerosis Treatment

Buy Article:

$63.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Abstract:

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an inflammatory disease of the central nervous system (CNS), characterized by inflammation, demyelination and axonal loss underlying progressive clinical disability. The chronic inflammatory tissue damage involving myelin and axons is driven by autoreactive T cells and represents a key mechanism in the immunopathogenesis of MS. Over the last few years, evidence from MS and experimental models of neuroinflammation has suggested that autoimmune responses could exert neuroprotective effects through the release of neurotrophins by autoreactive T cells. Specifically, the role of the Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in facilitating brain tissue repair in experimental traumatic injury has been well recognized. Support for this hypothesis comes from recent studies showing that glatiramer acetate, a currently approved treatment for MS, promotes the expansion of T cell clones crossing the blood-brain barrier and releasing BDNF in situ. A small subset of autoreactive T cells expresses the high-affinity full-length receptor for BDNF (TrkB-TK) in the periphery. In MS patients, T cells show reduced susceptibility to activation-induced apoptosis, a crucial mechanism eliminating autoreactive T clones and contributing to peripheral immunologic tolerance. These findings suggest the existence of a dual effect exerted by BDNF, which not only provides neuroprotection in the CNS but also promotes the survival of autoreactive T cells through an autocrine/paracrine loop.

The aim of this review is to discuss the neuroprotective effects of currently approved immunomodulatory treatments for MS and their role in regulating neurotrophin production. We will also describe novel therapeutic strategies arising from new insights on “neuroprotective autoimmunity”.



Keywords: Autoimmunity; BDNF; TrkB; central nervous system (CNS); immunomodulatory drugs; immunopathogenesis; multiple sclerosis; neuroinflammation; neuroprotection

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/092986711795496881

Publication date: April 1, 2011

More about this publication?
  • Current Medicinal Chemistry covers all the latest and outstanding developments in medicinal chemistry and rational drug design. Each issue contains a series of timely in-depth reviews written by leaders in the field covering a range of the current topics in medicinal chemistry. Current Medicinal Chemistry is an essential journal for every medicinal chemist who wishes to be kept informed and up-to-date with the latest and most important developments.

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Partial Open Access Content
Partial Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more