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Targeted Therapy in Colorectal Cancer: Current Status and Future Challenges

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Abstract:

Treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) has progressed significantly over the last years, particularly with the introduction of targeted therapies. Two groups of agents targeting either the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) or the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) have been integrated into clinical practice. Currently available agents with established role include the anti-EGFR monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) cetuximab / panitumumab and the anti-VEGF mAb bevacizumab. This review presents an update on the clinical studies evaluating the role of anti-EGFR and anti-VEGF agents in mCRC. Moreover, we provide current data regarding the mechanism of action and pathways mediating resistance to these agents. In addition, we present recent data with respect to biomarkers and we discuss future therapeutic strategies.





Keywords: Bevacizumab; cetuximab; colorectal cancer; panitumumab; targeted therapy

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/092986711795471338

Publication date: April 1, 2011

More about this publication?
  • Current Medicinal Chemistry covers all the latest and outstanding developments in medicinal chemistry and rational drug design. Each issue contains a series of timely in-depth reviews written by leaders in the field covering a range of the current topics in medicinal chemistry. Current Medicinal Chemistry is an essential journal for every medicinal chemist who wishes to be kept informed and up-to-date with the latest and most important developments.
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