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Shikimate Kinase (EC 2.7.1.71) from Mycobacterium tuberculosis: Kinetics and Structural Dynamics of a Potential Molecular Target for Drug Development

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Abstract:

The enzymes of the shikimate pathway represent potential molecular targets for the development of non-toxic antimicrobial agents and anti-parasite drugs. One of the most promising of these enzymes is shikimate kinase (EC 2.7.1.71), which is responsible for the fifth step in the shikimate pathway. This enzyme phosphorylates shikimic acid to yield shikimate-3-phosphate, using ATP as a substrate. In this work, the conformational dynamics of the shikimate kinase from Mycobacterium tuberculosis was investigated in its apostate in solution. For this study, the enzyme was subjected to a gradient of temperatures from 15° C to 45 ° C in the presence or absence of deuterium oxide, and the amide H/D exchange was monitored using ESI-mass spectrometry. We observed: i) the phosphate binding domain in the apo-enzyme is fairly rigid and largely protected from solvent access, even at relatively high temperatures; ii) the shikimate binding domain is highly flexible, as indicated by the tendency of the apo-enzyme to exhibit large conformational changes to permit LID closure after the shikimate binding; iii) the nucleotide binding domain is initially conformationally rigid, which seems to favour the initial orientation of ADP/ATP, but becomes highly flexible at temperatures above 30°C, which may permit domain rotation; iv) part of the LID domain, including the phosphate binding site, is partially rigid, while another part is highly flexible and accessible to the solvent.





Keywords: ESI-mass spectrometry; H/D exchange; Tuberculosis; anti-parasite; antimicrobial agents; apo-enzyme; drug development; enzymes; mass spectrometry; shikimate kinase

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/092986711795029500

Publication date: March 1, 2011

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  • Current Medicinal Chemistry covers all the latest and outstanding developments in medicinal chemistry and rational drug design. Each issue contains a series of timely in-depth reviews written by leaders in the field covering a range of the current topics in medicinal chemistry. Current Medicinal Chemistry is an essential journal for every medicinal chemist who wishes to be kept informed and up-to-date with the latest and most important developments.

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