With the continuing epidemics of obesity and diabetes, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has received increased attention. Great efforts are being undertaken to improve the noninvasive diagnosis of NAFLD, with the ultimate goal of optimizing treatment options and clinical outcomes. Research suggests that blood-borne biochemical markers can be used to distinguish simple steatosis from nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), thus reducing the need of liver biopsy. Future developments in the field of diagnostic biochemistry within the spectrum of NAFLD can make this approach ideal for screening and monitoring purposes. In this review, we provide an overview of the different blood-borne markers which have been recently proposed for differentiating simple steatosis from NASH. We will also consider the practical and statistical issues that seem to be limiting the effective integration of biomarkers into clinical development.
Current Medicinal Chemistry covers all the latest and outstanding developments in medicinal chemistry and rational drug design. Each issue contains a series of timely in-depth reviews written by leaders in the field covering a range of the current topics in medicinal chemistry. Current Medicinal Chemistry is an essential journal for every medicinal chemist who wishes to be kept informed and up-to-date with the latest and most important developments.