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The Structure and Functions of P-Glycoprotein

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P-glycoprotein (P-gp) is an ATP-driven transmembrane transporter capable of effluxing a wide variety of structurally diverse and functionally unrelated hydrophobic compounds out of the cell. Multidrug resistance (MDR), often associated with the over-expression of P-gp, has been implicated as a major obstacle to effective chemotherapy for cancer, parasitic diseases, AIDS, and other diseases. Drug efflux mediated by P-gp is also involved in decreasing the oral bioavailability of drugs by limiting intestinal absorption. Our appreciation of the structural and functional aspects of P-gp has definitely improved in recent years, benefiting from the deciphering of the structure of some bacterial transporters that paved the way for construction of homology models for more complex transporters. Here, we will review the recent advances in the studies of the structure and functional characteristics of P-gp with the hopes of facilitating rational drug design in developing novel potent MDR modulators.
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Keywords: Chemosensitizers; Function; MDR; P-glycoprotein (P-gp); Structure

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Medicinal Chemistry, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, ShanDong University, 44, West Wenhua Road, 250012, Ji'nan, ShanDong, P.R. China.

Publication date: 01 March 2010

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  • Current Medicinal Chemistry covers all the latest and outstanding developments in medicinal chemistry and rational drug design. Each issue contains a series of timely in-depth reviews written by leaders in the field covering a range of the current topics in medicinal chemistry. Current Medicinal Chemistry is an essential journal for every medicinal chemist who wishes to be kept informed and up-to-date with the latest and most important developments.
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