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The Roles of MicroRNAs in Heart Diseases: A Novel Important Regulator

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MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are non-coding single-stranded RNAs with about 21˜ 23 nucleotides in length, which originate from encoding genes in nucleus. In most cases miRNAs play an inhibitory role in gene expression in a posttranscriptional level by partially complementary binding to the 3' unstranlated region (UTR) of target mRNAs. Large bodies of evidence have shown that miRNAs were involved in various diseases, such as cancer, infectious diseases, diabetes etc, and rising as critical modulators of pathological processes. Lately, some highlight articles revealed that the altered expression of miRNAs such as miR-1, miR-133, miR-21, miR-208 etc in hearts also contributed to cardiovascular diseases, such as heart ischemia, cardiac hypertrophy, and arrhythmias. Moreover, miRNAs are also identified to regulate heart development. These exciting findings not only improve our understanding of the molecular mechanisms of heart diseases, but also provide a new class of potential molecular targets— miRNAs, for the development of novel agents to treat heart diseases. Here, we summarized the recent discoveries about the role of miRNAs in cardiac physiological and pathological functions, and then discussed about their therapeutic potentials for heart diseases.

Keywords: arrhythmias; development; hypertrophy; ischemia; microRNAs

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: Department of Pharmacology, Harbin Medical University, Baojian Road 157, Nangang district, Harbin, Heilongjiang province 150081, P.R. China.

Publication date: February 1, 2010

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  • Current Medicinal Chemistry covers all the latest and outstanding developments in medicinal chemistry and rational drug design. Each issue contains a series of timely in-depth reviews written by leaders in the field covering a range of the current topics in medicinal chemistry. Current Medicinal Chemistry is an essential journal for every medicinal chemist who wishes to be kept informed and up-to-date with the latest and most important developments.

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