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Aminophosphonic Acids and Derivatives. Synthesis and Biological Applications

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Abstract:

In recent years, phosphonic acids and their derivatives have received increasing attention as analogues of a series of naturally occurring phosphates and as “bio-isosteric phosphorus analogues” of aminoacids. Unlike a phosphate group, the phosphonate moiety is not readily hydrolyzed, in a biological environment, by the enzymes involved in the phosphate cleavage. This feature makes these compounds extremely useful in several applications, in metabolic regulation, in enhancement or inhibition studies, in the development of potential drugs against several metabolic disorders. The great potential of these compounds in biological applications resulted in an intense effort directed to the development of efficient synthetic methods for their preparation, with particular attention to stereoselective synthesis. The purpose of this review is to give an up-to-date account of the chemistry, the synthesis and the biological activity of aminophosphonic acids and their derivatives.

Keywords: Aminophosphonates; Aminophosphonic acids; Asymmetric synthesis; Biological activity; Synthesis

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/092986710790149729

Affiliations: Dipartimento di Chimica Organica e Industriale, Universita' degli Studi di Milano, Via Venezian, 21, 20133 Milano, Italy.

Publication date: January 1, 2010

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  • Current Medicinal Chemistry covers all the latest and outstanding developments in medicinal chemistry and rational drug design. Each issue contains a series of timely in-depth reviews written by leaders in the field covering a range of the current topics in medicinal chemistry. Current Medicinal Chemistry is an essential journal for every medicinal chemist who wishes to be kept informed and up-to-date with the latest and most important developments.
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