Synergetic Bitherapy in Mice with Xenografts of Human Prostate Cancer Using a Methional Mimic (METLICO) and an Aldehyde Dehydrogenase 3 Inhibitor (MATE): Systemic Intraperitoneal (IP) and Targeted Intra-Tumoral (IT) Administration

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Abstract:

An intraperitoneal (IP) monotherapy in nu/nu mice with subcutaneous xenografts of a human prostate epithelial cancer cell line:DU145 was undertaken with an aldehyde dehydrogenase 3 inhibitor MATE, that is a potent apoptogen on (DU145) in culture but not on their human prostate epithelial normal counterparts [13] . Tumour growth was slowed down but treatment had to be done 5days/week. To try to potentiate the action of MATE in vivo, a bitherapy was undertaken based on the synergetic apoptotic effect that had been observed previously in culture on DU145 treated with a methional mimic METLICO and DIMATE, an inhibitor of ALDH1 and ALDH3[19]. The bitherapy with METLICO/MATE administered IP was as effective as the monotherapy with MATE alone by IP, but at a 2-fold lower dose of MATE and at a dose of METLICO that had no growth-inhibitory effect as a monotherapy . Hence there was definite synergism with bitherapy. To try to increase the efficacy of bitherapy, it was administered by the intra-tumoral (IT) route using the recently developed 20-bars-pressurized microinjection system from CERMA [16, 17]. IT administration of the bitherapy was indeed more effective than that by IP as regards tumour volumes are concerned. Histopathological analysis of IT-treated tumours confirmed that there were many necrotized zones but intact cells were still present. Approaches for treating a wider zone of tumour tissue by IT-bitherapy are discussed.

Keywords: Aldehyde Dehydrogenase 3 Inhibitor (MATE); Methional Mimic (METLICO); Prostate Cancer; Systemic Intraperitoneal (IP); Xenografts

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/092986709787846596

Affiliations: Laboratoire d'Immunochimie, Faculte de medecine Lyon Sud, INSERM U-329, Oullins, F-69621, France.

Publication date: April 1, 2009

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  • Current Medicinal Chemistry covers all the latest and outstanding developments in medicinal chemistry and rational drug design. Each issue contains a series of timely in-depth reviews written by leaders in the field covering a range of the current topics in medicinal chemistry. Current Medicinal Chemistry is an essential journal for every medicinal chemist who wishes to be kept informed and up-to-date with the latest and most important developments.
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