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Prevention and Treatment of Staphylococcus Biofilms

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Abstract:

Staphylococcus growth on medical devices represents a common occurrence that can lead to serious illness and death. Biomaterial-associated infection, mostly caused by Staphylococcus epidermidis and Staphylococcus aureus, is fairly complicated by the organism'development of a biofilm, which provides a microenvironment that protects from attack by the host immune system and antibiotics. In this review we present recent insights regarding S. aureus and S. epidermidis structural and functional factors that are effective in biofilm development and describe the regulation of their expression. On the basis of the knowledge gained, we also present the potential and limits of current biochemical and biophysical strategies aimed at preventing biofilm formation or at the treatment of established mature biofilms.

Keywords: Staphylococcus; biofilm; biomaterials; therapeutic strategies

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/092986708786848442

Affiliations: Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine and Surgery, University of Pavia, Viale Taramelli 3/b, 27100 Pavia, Italy.

Publication date: December 1, 2008

More about this publication?
  • Current Medicinal Chemistry covers all the latest and outstanding developments in medicinal chemistry and rational drug design. Each issue contains a series of timely in-depth reviews written by leaders in the field covering a range of the current topics in medicinal chemistry. Current Medicinal Chemistry is an essential journal for every medicinal chemist who wishes to be kept informed and up-to-date with the latest and most important developments.
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