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The Cell Cycle Molecules Behind Neurodegeneration in Alzheimer's Disease: Perspectives for Drug Development

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Abstract:

Alzheimer's disease (AD), the leading cause of senile dementia, has become a considerable social and economical problem. Current AD therapeutics provide mainly symptomatic short-term benefit, rather than targeting disease mechanisms. The hallmarks for AD are ß-amyloid plaques, neurofibrillary tangles, and regionalized neuronal loss. Additional neuropathological features have been described that may provide some clues to the mechanism by which neurons die in AD. Specifically, the aberrant expression of cell cycle proteins and the presence of de novo-replicated DNA in neurons have been described both in AD brain and in culture models of the disease. The unscheduled cell cycle events are deleterious to neurons, which undergo death rather than complete the cell cycle. Although our understanding of the neuronal cell cycle is not complete, experimental evidence suggests that compounds able of arresting the aberrant cell cycle will yield neuroprotection. This review focuses on drug development centered on the cell cycle hypothesis of AD.

Keywords: Alzheimer's disease; DNA polymerase-β; DNA replication; apoptosis; cell cycle; cyclin-dependent kinases; neuroprotection; β-amyloid

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/092986708785909030

Affiliations: Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Catania, Viale A. Doria 6, 95125 Catania, Italy.

Publication date: October 1, 2008

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  • Current Medicinal Chemistry covers all the latest and outstanding developments in medicinal chemistry and rational drug design. Each issue contains a series of timely in-depth reviews written by leaders in the field covering a range of the current topics in medicinal chemistry. Current Medicinal Chemistry is an essential journal for every medicinal chemist who wishes to be kept informed and up-to-date with the latest and most important developments.
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