High Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol and Statin Trials

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Abstract:

Epidemiological studies show that high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels are inversely related to the risk of vascular events. Statins are the most widely prescribed drugs for the treatment of dyslipidaemias and their use for the prevention of vascular events is evidence based. Statins raise HDL-C but this effect seems to vary considerably between studies.

We searched the literature to assess the relationship between statin-induced increases in HDL-C levels and surrogate and/or clinical endpoints. Based on the existing evidence, it is difficult to determine how much reduction, if any, in vascular risk is attributable to a statin-induced increment in HDL-C levels.

Whether a statin that beyond its LDL-C lowering effect also raises HDL-C has additional benefits in the prevention of vascular events remains to be established.

Keywords: High density lipoprotein cholesterol; carotid intima media thickness; intravascular ultrasound; statins; vascular risk

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/092986708785747481

Affiliations: Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Royal Free Hospital campus, University College London, Pond Street, London NW3 2QG, UK.

Publication date: September 1, 2008

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  • Current Medicinal Chemistry covers all the latest and outstanding developments in medicinal chemistry and rational drug design. Each issue contains a series of timely in-depth reviews written by leaders in the field covering a range of the current topics in medicinal chemistry. Current Medicinal Chemistry is an essential journal for every medicinal chemist who wishes to be kept informed and up-to-date with the latest and most important developments.
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