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Current Adjuvant and Targeted Therapies for Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma

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Abstract:

Pancreatic cancer is one of the deadliest malignancies, costing the lives of more than 30,000 patients every year. It often presents in advanced stages not amenable to surgery. Gemcitabine is currently considered to be the standard of care for the treatment of advanced pancreatic cancer. Combination of gemcitabine with certain other cytotoxic drugs, including cisplatin, oxaliplatin, capecitabine, and 5-fluorouracil have been undertaken, but all have failed to provide substantial increases in survival benefit. However, neoadjuvant algorithms and targeted therapies, including combinations of gemcitabine with erlotinib suggest more promising results. New targeted therapies in combination with gemcitabine are currently in Phase II and III trials, possibly implicating a primary position for them in future treatment. In this paper we present an overview of the current treatment options for the different presenting stages of pancreatic cancer, including adjuvant, neoadjuvant, and targeted therapies, and attempt to provide a comprehensive analysis of the disparate research indicated on this front.

Keywords: Pancreatic adenocarcinoma; adjuvant therapy; neoadjuvant therapy; targeted therapies

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/092986708784872348

Affiliations: University of Illinois at Chicago (MC 958), Department of Surgery, 840 South Wood Street Suite, 518-E CSB, Chicago,Illinois 60612-7322, USA.

Publication date: July 1, 2008

More about this publication?
  • Current Medicinal Chemistry covers all the latest and outstanding developments in medicinal chemistry and rational drug design. Each issue contains a series of timely in-depth reviews written by leaders in the field covering a range of the current topics in medicinal chemistry. Current Medicinal Chemistry is an essential journal for every medicinal chemist who wishes to be kept informed and up-to-date with the latest and most important developments.
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