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Src Family Kinases as Potential Therapeutic Targets for Malignancies and Immunological Disorders

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Abstract:

The Src family consists of eight non-receptor protein tyrosine kinases characterised by a common structure. Based on their amino acid sequence, Src family kinases are grouped into two subfamilies, which are also characterised by different tissue specificity. Src kinases are involved in signal transduction pathways triggered by a wide variety of surface receptors, including receptor tyrosine kinases, integrins, G-protein-coupled receptors and antigen receptors. Several pieces of evidence implicate Src family kinases in cancer development, as a consequence of changes in protein expression and/or kinase activity, and have prompted the design of potent specific inhibitors, the most common of which are adenine mimetics, as tools of relevant clinical interest for the treatment of both solid tumours and leukaemias. In addition, the finding that some Src kinases expressed in haematopoietic cells play pivotal roles in lymphocyte maturation and activation has fostered the development of safe and effective inhibitors selective for specific Src family members, which are currently being tested in clinical trials as immunosuppressants for the treatment of immunological disorders. Here we shall review the recent literature on the involvement of Src family kinases in human neoplasias and immunological disorders and the goals reached in the search for selective pharmacological inhibitors.

Keywords: Src family kinase; cancer; immune disorder; pharmacological inhibitor; structure

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/092986708784310404

Affiliations: Department of Evolutionary Biology,University of Siena, Via A. Moro 2, 53100 Siena, Italy.

Publication date: May 1, 2008

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  • Current Medicinal Chemistry covers all the latest and outstanding developments in medicinal chemistry and rational drug design. Each issue contains a series of timely in-depth reviews written by leaders in the field covering a range of the current topics in medicinal chemistry. Current Medicinal Chemistry is an essential journal for every medicinal chemist who wishes to be kept informed and up-to-date with the latest and most important developments.
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