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Melanin-Concentrating Hormone Receptor 1 Antagonists: A New Perspective for the Pharmacologic Treatment of Obesity

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Abstract:

Obesity is a chronic disease characterized by the accumulation of excess adipose tissue associated with an increased risk of multiple morbidities and mortality. At the present time, only three drugs have been approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of obesity. Agonists and antagonists of some of the substances implicated in the regulation of energy homeostasis represent opportunities for anti-obesity drug development. The most promising targets are alpha-melanocyte stimulating hormone (alpha- MSH) receptors, cannabinoid receptors, the 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) receptors and melanin-concentrating hormone (MCH) receptors. MCH receptors could be major potential targets for the treatment of obesity. Many pharmaceutical companies have described MCH-R1 antagonists that have appeared over the past year. Recently, two compounds went into phase I clinical trials that evaluate MCH receptor antagonists as a new perspective for the pharmacologic treatment of obesity. In this review, structure-activity relationships (SAR) in the development of MCH-R1 antagonists are provided.

Keywords: Antagonists; melanin-concentrating hormone (MCH); melanin-concentrating hormone receptor 1 (MCH-R1); obesity; structure-activity relationship (SAR)

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/092986708784049621

Affiliations: Departamento de Farmacia y Quimica Medicinal, Universidad Autonoma de Tamaulipas, Calle 16 y Lago de Chapala, s/n,88740, Reynosa, Mexico.

Publication date: April 1, 2008

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  • Current Medicinal Chemistry covers all the latest and outstanding developments in medicinal chemistry and rational drug design. Each issue contains a series of timely in-depth reviews written by leaders in the field covering a range of the current topics in medicinal chemistry. Current Medicinal Chemistry is an essential journal for every medicinal chemist who wishes to be kept informed and up-to-date with the latest and most important developments.
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