Skip to main content

Molecular Targets and Targeted Therapies for Malignant Mesothelioma

Buy Article:

$63.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Abstract:

Malignant mesothelioma is a highly invasive tumor originating from the mesothelial linings of the pleura, peritoneum and pericardium. It is seldom amenable to surgical intervention and poorly responsive to radiotherapy, leaving chemotherapy as the main therapeutic option for most patients. The development of effective drug regimens against mesothelioma has proven extremely difficult and a standard first-line treatment for patients with unresectable tumors has not been established until recently. Despite the benefits obtained with this newly validated standard of care, which is based on the combination of pemetrexed and cisplatin, the prognosis for mesothelioma patients remains poor, median survival is still less than two years and more active treatments are urgently needed. This article will focus on the molecular basis providing the rationale for targeted interventions against mesothelioma and will review targeted agents under evaluation as new potential therapeutic options for mesothelioma patients. Such agents include inhibitors of growth factor receptors, ligands and intracellular effectors. The agents targeting vascular endothelial growth factor signaling are of particular interest, due to the involvement of this pathway both in tumor angiogenesis and autocrine stimulation of mesothelioma cell growth. Alternative approaches are based on inhibitors of the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway and of histone deacetylases which, notwithstanding the functional divergence of the corresponding targets, share the ability to determine a wide modulation of the cancer cell phenotype that can lead to cell cycle arrest, apoptosis and sensitization to different antineoplastic treatments. A recombinant immunotoxin targeted to the membrane antigen mesothelin is an additional agent whose activity is being evaluated in mesothelioma patients.

Keywords: Mesothelioma; bevacizumab; bortezomib; histone deacetylase inhibitors; mesothelin; molecular therapy; rapamycin; receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.2174/092986708783955446

Affiliations: Department of Experimental Medicine and Biochemical Sciences, University of Rome “Tor Vergata”, Via Montpellier 1, 00133 Rome, Italy.

Publication date: 2008-04-01

More about this publication?
  • Current Medicinal Chemistry covers all the latest and outstanding developments in medicinal chemistry and rational drug design. Each issue contains a series of timely in-depth reviews written by leaders in the field covering a range of the current topics in medicinal chemistry. Current Medicinal Chemistry is an essential journal for every medicinal chemist who wishes to be kept informed and up-to-date with the latest and most important developments.
  • Access Key
  • Free ContentFree content
  • Partial Free ContentPartial Free content
  • New ContentNew content
  • Open Access ContentOpen access content
  • Partial Open Access ContentPartial Open access content
  • Subscribed ContentSubscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed ContentPartial Subscribed content
  • Free Trial ContentFree trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more