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Post-Translational Modifications of Nuclear Co-repressor RIP140: A Therapeutic Target for Metabolic Diseases

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Abstract:

Most proteins undergo post-translational modification (PTM), which is known to play roles in normal physiological processes and the progression of many diseases. In this review, we summarized and discussed the mass spectrometry (MS)-based studies of various PTMs of nuclear co-repressor, receptor interacting protein 140 (RIP140), as well as the significance of these PTMs in modulating the biological activities of RIP140, specifically in adipocytes. Comprehensive analyses of RIP140 by MS identified specific sites of PTMs on RIP140, including that of phosphorylation, acetylation, pyridoxylation, and protein arginine methylation. Studies of these PTMs revealed their combinatorial effects on the activities of RIP140 with respect to the regulation of hormone target genes and fat accumulation in adipocytes. These proteomic studies have presented evidence for the biological significance of specific PTMs of RIP140, and uncovered nutritional and physiological factors that trigger these PTMs in adipocytes.. This could provide insights into potential, new therapeutic targets for diseases concerning adipocytes such as metabolic disorders.





Keywords: RIP140; drug discovery; mass spectrometry; metabolic diseases; protein posttranslational modification; proteomics

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/092986708783497382

Publication date: February 1, 2008

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  • Current Medicinal Chemistry covers all the latest and outstanding developments in medicinal chemistry and rational drug design. Each issue contains a series of timely in-depth reviews written by leaders in the field covering a range of the current topics in medicinal chemistry. Current Medicinal Chemistry is an essential journal for every medicinal chemist who wishes to be kept informed and up-to-date with the latest and most important developments.
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