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Role of Sulfonamide Group in Matrix Metalloproteinase Inhibitors

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Sulfonamide hydroxamates were designed and synthesized as efficient matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) inhibitors since the discovery of CGS 27023A in 1994. The sulfonamide group was incorporated in the inhibitor to improve the enzyme-inhibitor binding, not only by forming hydrogen bonds to the enzyme but also by properly directing the hydrophobic substituent to the S1' pocket and enabling it to plunge in deeply. Some researchers even presumed that the sulfonamide group, together with the zinc binding group (ZBG), coordinated the zinc ion within the MMP active site. This review will illustrate the role of the sulfonamide group in MMP inhibitors.

Keywords: Matrix metalloproteinases; gauche conformation; hydrogen bond; inhibitors; sulfonamide; zinc binding group

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: February 1, 2008

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  • Current Medicinal Chemistry covers all the latest and outstanding developments in medicinal chemistry and rational drug design. Each issue contains a series of timely in-depth reviews written by leaders in the field covering a range of the current topics in medicinal chemistry. Current Medicinal Chemistry is an essential journal for every medicinal chemist who wishes to be kept informed and up-to-date with the latest and most important developments.

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