Skip to main content

Glycosylation of HIV-1 gp120 V3 Loop: Towards the Rational Design of a Synthetic Carbohydrate Vaccine

Buy Article:

$55.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)

A wide variety of proteins can bind high-mannose oligosaccharides and are broadly neutralizing against HIV-1. However, success in eliciting broadly neutralizing antibodies against HIV-1 has been limited to date. The rational design of an HIV-1 vaccine is based on the information gained through the structural analysis of antibodies complexed with their epitopes. Of particular interest to this review are the binding of mannosides to human monoclonal antibody 2G12 recognizing Man9GlcNAc2 from HIV-1 gp120. It is widely recognized that T-cell-independent antigens carbohydrates are poorly immunogenic, and fail to induce memory. To increase the immunogenicity, carbohydrate antigens have to be coupled to a highly immunogenic carrier. The design of peptide carbohydrate mimotopes (mimetics of carbohydrate antigens) is one approach that is currently explored to elicit neutralizing antibodies. This work is concerned with existing structural data on Man9GlcNAc2 as the most promising epitope (or glycotope). Structural analysis of various torsion angles of Man9GlcNAc2 is explored. The focus is made primarily on the third variable region (V3 loop) of gp120 due to its crucial relevance for coreceptor usage, as a principal neutralizing determinant (PND), and for its conserved glycosylation sites N295, N302 and N332. Valuable structural information from glycosylation effects is taken into account for the development of a V3 loop rational structure-based vaccine strategy using N295 and N302 as potential conformational epitope.





No References
No Citations
No Supplementary Data
No Data/Media
No Metrics

Keywords: HIV-1; Man9GlcNAc2; V3 loop; antibody; cyanovirin; glycan; gp120; lectin; mannose binding protein; mannoside glycosylation site

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2007-12-01

More about this publication?
  • Current Medicinal Chemistry covers all the latest and outstanding developments in medicinal chemistry and rational drug design. Each issue contains a series of timely in-depth reviews written by leaders in the field covering a range of the current topics in medicinal chemistry. Current Medicinal Chemistry is an essential journal for every medicinal chemist who wishes to be kept informed and up-to-date with the latest and most important developments.
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more