Role of Lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC) in Atherosclerosis

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Abstract:

Lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC) is a bioactive proinflammatory lipid generated by pathological activities. LPC is also a major phospholipid component of oxidized low-density lipoprotein (Ox-LDL) and is implicated as a critical factor in the atherogenic activity of Ox-LDL. LPC is believed to play an important role in atherosclerosis and inflammatory diseases by altering various functions in a number of cell-types, including endothelial cells, smooth muscle cells, monocytes, macrophages, and T-cells. LPC activates several second messengers -- including protein kinase C, extracellular-signal-regulated kinases, protein tyrosine kinases, and Ca2+ -- implicating the engagement of transduction mechanisms in its observed actions. Moreover, recent evidence suggests that in several cell-types, cloned orphan G-protein-coupled receptors may serve as the specific receptors via which LPC modulates second messenger pathways (although LPC may not be a direct ligand of such receptors). In addition, current evidence suggests that LPC impairs the endothelium-dependent relaxations mediated by endothelium-derived relaxing factors and directly modulates contractile responses in vascular smooth muscle. However, despite all this, and although elevated levels of LPC have been linked to the cardiovascular complications associated with atherosclerosis, ischemia, and diabetes, the precise pathophysiological roles played by LPC in several states remain to be established. In this review, we focus in some detail on the entirety of the signal-transduction system for LPC, its pathophysiological implications, and the vascular abnormalities associated with it.





Keywords: Atherosclerosis; LPC; endothelial dysfunction; inflammatory; signal transduction; vascular tone

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/092986707782793899

Publication date: December 1, 2007

More about this publication?
  • Current Medicinal Chemistry covers all the latest and outstanding developments in medicinal chemistry and rational drug design. Each issue contains a series of timely in-depth reviews written by leaders in the field covering a range of the current topics in medicinal chemistry. Current Medicinal Chemistry is an essential journal for every medicinal chemist who wishes to be kept informed and up-to-date with the latest and most important developments.
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