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Contribution of Platelet-Derived CD40 Ligand to Inflammation, Thrombosis and Neoangiogenesis

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Abstract:

CD40-CD40L interactions have been involved in inflammation and thrombosis. Several diseases are characterized by inflammation, hypercoagulability and increased prevalence of thromboembolic events. In the past decade, a series of preclinical and clinical studies has provided more insight into the pathogenetic mechanisms linking inflammatory mediators to the activation and regulation of the haemostatic system. In particular, the study of CD40-CD40L interactions has greatly contributed to understanding the role of platelets in a variety of pathophysiological conditions, including atherothrombosis, immunoinflammatory diseases and, possibly, cancer. A wide variety of preclinical and clinical studies have generated clinical interest in the use of CD40L as a prognostic marker of thrombotic risk. However, the use of sCD40L in clinical studies requires reliable methods. For the correct interpretation of results, clinical and research laboratories and physicians must be aware of the limitations of immunoassays for this cytokine, which underlines the need for standardization of preanalytic conditions. This review will focus on biochemical evidence of CD40L involvement in platelet activation, contribution of platelet-derived CD40L to inflammation, thrombosis and neoangiogenesis, and possible methodological pitfalls regarding the appropriate specimen and preparation for laboratory evaluation of blood soluble CD40L as a biomarker in various human diseases characterized by underlying inflammation, such as atherothrombosis, cancer and immuno-inflammatory diseases.

Keywords: Platelet activation; atherothrombosis; cancer; inflammation

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.2174/092986707781389664

Affiliations: Center of Excellence on Aging, Via Colle dell'Ara, 66013 CHIETI, Italy.

Publication date: 2007-08-01

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  • Current Medicinal Chemistry covers all the latest and outstanding developments in medicinal chemistry and rational drug design. Each issue contains a series of timely in-depth reviews written by leaders in the field covering a range of the current topics in medicinal chemistry. Current Medicinal Chemistry is an essential journal for every medicinal chemist who wishes to be kept informed and up-to-date with the latest and most important developments.
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