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Discovery and Development of ATPase Inhibitors of DNA Gyrase as Antibacterial Agents

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DNA gyrase is an attractive and well established target for the development of antibacterial agents. This bacterial enzyme, whose biological function is to control the topological state of DNA molecules, consists of two catalytic subunits; GyrA is responsible for DNA breakage and reunion, while the subunit GyrB contains the ATP-binding site. Coumarins and cyclothialidines are natural products that inhibit the ATPase activity of DNA gyrase by blocking the binding of ATP to subunit GyrB. The mechanism of action of these compounds was exhaustively characterized by biochemical methods and supported by protein crystallography. The abundance of crystallographic data on the N-terminal domain of GyrB in its complexes with various ligands has enabled the structure-based design of novel efficient chemotypes as inhibitors of the ATPase domain. This review summarizes the discovery of ATPase inhibitors of DNA gyrase B in the last decade and their development as potential antibacterial agents.

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Keywords: ATP-binding site; DNA gyrase; antibacterial agents; inhibitors; structure-based design; topoisomerase IV

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 01 August 2007

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  • Current Medicinal Chemistry covers all the latest and outstanding developments in medicinal chemistry and rational drug design. Each issue contains a series of timely in-depth reviews written by leaders in the field covering a range of the current topics in medicinal chemistry. Current Medicinal Chemistry is an essential journal for every medicinal chemist who wishes to be kept informed and up-to-date with the latest and most important developments.
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