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New Insights on the Perturbations of T Cell Cycle During HIV Infection

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Abstract:

The role of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) in the pathogenesis of the Acquired Immune-Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is changed. Direct HIV-mediated killing of CD4+ T cells is not the only mechanism leading to lymphocyte depletion. There is increasing evidence that, during the chronic phases of infection, T cell activation, accelerated cell turnover, and cytokines imbalance induce the so-called cell cycle dysregulation (CCD). CCD is a recently discovered immune-pathogenic mechanism that mainly induces the depletion of both CD4+ and CD8+ uninfected T cells. It is due to a significant perturbation of protein metabolism as ubiquitin pathway defects of protein degradation are associated with an increased and unscheduled expression of cyclin B and p34 cdc kinase. Moreover, significant changes in the nucleolar structure and post-translational regulation of nucleolin have also been described. As modulation of CCD by anti-retroviral and immune-therapies has been suggested to predict a good immunological response in HIV-infected patients, a better understanding of such a mechanism is needed in order to further clarify its role in the pathogenesis and progression of HIV infection.

Keywords: Cell cycle dysregulation; HIV infection; apoptosis; cyclin B

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/092986707781368559

Affiliations: Department of Pathology, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Naples “FEDERICO II”, Via F. Delpino, 1,80137 Naples, Italy.

Publication date: August 1, 2007

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  • Current Medicinal Chemistry covers all the latest and outstanding developments in medicinal chemistry and rational drug design. Each issue contains a series of timely in-depth reviews written by leaders in the field covering a range of the current topics in medicinal chemistry. Current Medicinal Chemistry is an essential journal for every medicinal chemist who wishes to be kept informed and up-to-date with the latest and most important developments.
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