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Respiratory Effects of β-Adrenergic Receptor Blockers

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Abstract:

Antagonists of the beta-adrenergic receptor (β-AR antagonists) are a heterogeneous class of drugs. Selected members of this class are highly recommended in congestive heart failure (HF) and after acute myocardial infarction. Hydrosolubility, half life and prevalent route of excretion define the pharmacokinetic profile of individual drugs, whereas the respective degree of affinity for β1-AR and β2-AR, the level of coexistent agonist properties and several β-AR independent properties (e. g. antioxidant, direct vasodilating effect) contribute to shape the pharmacodynamic profile. Genetically determined differences in the response to β-AR antagonists and, probably, age-related changes in the neuroautonomic system are further source of variability in the effect of β-AR antagonists on bronchial tone.

Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are theoretically at risk of worsening respiratory flows and symptoms caused by β-AR antagonists prescribed for concurrent HF or myocardial infarction. Most of these patients, however, do not experience side effects, maybe because the improved haemodynamic due to β-AR antagonists therapy may in turn improve the respiratory function. Occasional patients can develop untoward respiratory effects of β-AR antagonists, and this risk is higher for those with severe COPD or active asthma. We provide some simple common sense rules for selecting patients with COPD or asthma that are suitable for β-AR antagonists therapy while minimizing the risk of adverse respiratory effects.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/092986707780362853

Affiliations: Area di Geriatria, Universita Campus Biomedico, Via dei Compositori, 130, 00128 Roma - Italy.

Publication date: April 1, 2007

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  • Current Medicinal Chemistry covers all the latest and outstanding developments in medicinal chemistry and rational drug design. Each issue contains a series of timely in-depth reviews written by leaders in the field covering a range of the current topics in medicinal chemistry. Current Medicinal Chemistry is an essential journal for every medicinal chemist who wishes to be kept informed and up-to-date with the latest and most important developments.
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