The Search for a Topical Dual Action Spermicide/Microbicide

$63.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Buy Article:

Abstract:

There is an urgent clinical need to research novel methods of fertility control that are also protective against sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) such as the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or Chlamydia. The most obvious way to generate such a dual-purpose contraceptive method would be to develop safe, effective spermicides that were also active against a wide range of pathogenic organisms. The currently available formulations such as nonoxynol-9, gramicidin and benzalkonium chloride are effective spermicides but are toxic to the vaginal epithelium and do not provide protection against STDs. Over 60 agents are in clinical trials as potentially safer topical spermicides and/or microbicides. Compounds that have reached this stage of development include acid buffers, detergents, dendrimers, non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors and anionic polymers. In addition, a number of potential spermicides/microbicides are the subject of preclinical investigation, including β-cyclodextrin, cyanovirin, porphyrins, cyclotriazadisulfonamides, dermaseptins, short-interfering RNA (siRNA) and HIV antibodies. The chemical principles underlying these disparate approaches and potential avenues for future investigation are discussed.

Keywords: antimicrobial contraceptive; sexually transmitted disease; topical contraceptive

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/092986707780090972

Affiliations: Discipline of Biological Sciences, School of Environmental and Life Sciences, University of Newcastle. Callaghan, NSW 2308, Australia.

Publication date: March 1, 2007

More about this publication?
  • Current Medicinal Chemistry covers all the latest and outstanding developments in medicinal chemistry and rational drug design. Each issue contains a series of timely in-depth reviews written by leaders in the field covering a range of the current topics in medicinal chemistry. Current Medicinal Chemistry is an essential journal for every medicinal chemist who wishes to be kept informed and up-to-date with the latest and most important developments.
Related content

Tools

Favourites

Share Content

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more