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Recent Advances in Antimalarial Compounds and their Patents

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Malaria is one of the most severe tropical parasitic disease causing 1-3 million deaths annually. In the last 25 years very few new antimalarial molecules have been developed and only a limited number of them are currently in various stages of clinical development. The presently available antimalarial drugs include artemisinin analogs, quinoline derivatives and antifolates. This review summarizes recent advances in antimalarial drug development and world patents published between 2000-2006 claiming new synthetic antimalarial compounds and their activities. The most over-represented classes of compounds in malaria patent literature in order of frequency are artemisinin analogs, quinoline derivatives, DOXP reductoisomerase inhibitors, antifolates and febrifugine analogues. Many of these patents describe the novelty and potential of these synthetic derivatives with an attempt to identify the next generation antimalarials that may have potential commercial advantages.
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Keywords: Malaria; Plasmodium falciparum; antifolate; antimalarial activity; artemisinin; quinoline

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, Sector 67, S.A.S. Nagar, Mohali-160062. Punjab,India.

Publication date: 2007-03-01

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  • Current Medicinal Chemistry covers all the latest and outstanding developments in medicinal chemistry and rational drug design. Each issue contains a series of timely in-depth reviews written by leaders in the field covering a range of the current topics in medicinal chemistry. Current Medicinal Chemistry is an essential journal for every medicinal chemist who wishes to be kept informed and up-to-date with the latest and most important developments.
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