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CRF Receptor Antagonists: Utility in Research and Clinical Practice

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Abstract:

CRF, CRF-related peptides and CRF receptors constitute a complex physiological system which has a key role in facilitating the adaptation of the organism to the stressful stimuli of the environment. The behavioral, endocrine, autonomic and immune branches of stress response are considered to be under the coordinating effects of CRF and its related peptides. The effects of these peptides are mediated through two distinct receptors, types 1 and 2 CRF receptors (CRF1 and CRF2). The two receptors are encoded by separate genes and belong to the G-coupled receptor superfamily. The wide influence of the CRF system on physiological processes in both brain and periphery, suggests the implication of the respective peptides in the pathophysiology of numerous disorders which involve dysregulated stress responses. The potential use of CRF antagonists in such disorders is currently under intense investigation. Furthermore, such compounds have been invaluable in elucidating the physiology of the CRF system. This review will focus on existing data on the structural and pharmacological characteristics as well as the experimental and potential clinical uses of non-peptide, small molecule CRF antagonists.

Keywords: Depression; IL-6; Implantation; Synthetic CRF Receptor Ligands; gastrointestinal tract (GI)

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/092986706778521977

Affiliations: Laboratory of Human Reproduction, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Medical School, University of Crete, Heraklio 71003, Greece.

Publication date: October 1, 2006

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  • Current Medicinal Chemistry covers all the latest and outstanding developments in medicinal chemistry and rational drug design. Each issue contains a series of timely in-depth reviews written by leaders in the field covering a range of the current topics in medicinal chemistry. Current Medicinal Chemistry is an essential journal for every medicinal chemist who wishes to be kept informed and up-to-date with the latest and most important developments.
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