If you are experiencing problems downloading PDF or HTML fulltext, our helpdesk recommend clearing your browser cache and trying again. If you need help in clearing your cache, please click here . Still need help? Email help@ingentaconnect.com

Multidrug Resistance: Retrospect and Prospects in Anti-Cancer Drug Treatment

$63.10 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Buy Article:

Abstract:

Conventional cancer chemotherapy is seriously limited by the multidrug resistance (MDR) commonly exhibited by tumour cells. One mechanism by which a living cell can achieve multiple resistances is via the active efflux of a broad range of anticancer drugs through the cellular membrane by MDR proteins. Such drugs are exported in both ATP-dependent and -independent manners, and can occur despite considerable concentration gradients. To the ATPdependent group belongs the ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter family, which includes P-gp, MRP, BCRP, etc. Another protein related to MDR, though not belonging to the ABC transporter family, is lung resistance-related protein (LRP). All of these proteins are involved in diverse physiological processes, and are responsible for the uptake and efflux of a multitude of substances from cancer cells.

Many inhibitors of MDR transporters have been identified over the years. Firstly, MDR drugs were not specifically developed for inhibiting MDR; in fact, they had other pharmacological properties, as well as a relatively low affinity for MDR transporters. They included compounds of diverse structure and function, such as verapamil and cyclosporine, and caused side effects. Secondly, the new drugs were more inhibitor-specific, in terms of MDR transport, and were designed to reduce such side effects (e.g., R-verapamil, dexniguldipine, etc.). Unfortunately, they displayed poor response in clinical studies. Recently, new compounds obtained from drug development programs conducted by the pharmaceutical industry are characterized by a high affinity to MDR transporters and are efficient at nanomolar concentrations. Some of these compounds (e.g., MS-209) are currently under clinical trials for specific forms of advanced cancers.

We aim to provide an overview of the properties associated with those mammalian MDR transporters known to mediate significant transport of relevant drugs in cancer treatments. We also summarize recent advances concerning resistance to cancer drug therapies with respect to the function and overexpression of ABC and LRP multidrug transporters.

Keywords: BCRP; Cancer; LRP; MDR-inhibitors; MRPs; P-glycoprotein

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/092986706777585077

Affiliations: Dept. Patologia i Terapeutica Experimental CCBR Group, Pavello Central, 5a planta. LR 5101, C/ Feixa Llarga s/n, E-08907 L’Hospitalet, Barcelona, Spain.

Publication date: July 1, 2006

More about this publication?
  • Current Medicinal Chemistry covers all the latest and outstanding developments in medicinal chemistry and rational drug design. Each issue contains a series of timely in-depth reviews written by leaders in the field covering a range of the current topics in medicinal chemistry. Current Medicinal Chemistry is an essential journal for every medicinal chemist who wishes to be kept informed and up-to-date with the latest and most important developments.
Related content

Tools

Favourites

Share Content

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more