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Application of Radioisotopes in Inflammation

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Abstract:

Since the discovery of artificially produced radioisotopes in the 1930's, an estimated 10-12 million nuclear medicine diagnostic and therapeutic procedures are currently performed each year only in the United States. Gamma emission imaging has been successfully applied to almost every organ of the body (brain, bone, heart, kidney, lung, neuroreceptors) as well as sites of inflammation, atherosclerosis, and thrombosis. FDG-PET has been used in some of the inflammatory diseases as well. On the other hand, both alpha and beta-emitting isotopes have been evaluated for brachytherapy of rheumatoid diseases, each with different radiobiological effectiveness. The current status of radionuclides for imaging, therapy and research studies of inflammatory processes is reviewed here and a look into the future directions is described at the conclusion.

Keywords: FUO; Inflammation; NSAID; PET; SPECT; diagnosis; radiopharmaceuticals; therapy

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/092986706776361049

Affiliations: Department of Cyclotron & Nuclear Medicine, Nuclear Research Center for Agriculture & Medicine, Atomic Energy Organization of Iran, Karaj.

Publication date: April 1, 2006

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  • Current Medicinal Chemistry covers all the latest and outstanding developments in medicinal chemistry and rational drug design. Each issue contains a series of timely in-depth reviews written by leaders in the field covering a range of the current topics in medicinal chemistry. Current Medicinal Chemistry is an essential journal for every medicinal chemist who wishes to be kept informed and up-to-date with the latest and most important developments.

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