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Medical Applications of Macrocyclic Polyamines

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Abstract:

Macrocyclic polyamines comprise a special group of heterocycles that bind different guests. Over the past decade, medical interest has focused on macrocyclic polyamines owning to their chemical and biological properties. The discovery and development of the bicyclam AMD3100 highlighted the clinical potential of such compounds in AIDS, cancer and stem-cell mobilization. Many macrocyclic polyamines and their transition metal complexes had the cytotoxic activities to tumors through binding DNA, cleaving DNA, crosslinking DNA, or depleting the endogenous ATP levels of the tumor cells. Furthermore, macrocyclic polyamines also could be labeled with metal ionic radii and have applications in cancer radioimmunotherapy and in vivo magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The current rational design, and medical applications of macrocyclic polyamines will be reviewed in this manuscript.





Keywords: MRI; Macrocyclic polyamines; anti-HIV; anti-tumor; contrast agents

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/092986706776055706

Affiliations: College of Chemistry and Molecular Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan, Hubei, P. R. China, 430072.

Publication date: March 1, 2006

More about this publication?
  • Current Medicinal Chemistry covers all the latest and outstanding developments in medicinal chemistry and rational drug design. Each issue contains a series of timely in-depth reviews written by leaders in the field covering a range of the current topics in medicinal chemistry. Current Medicinal Chemistry is an essential journal for every medicinal chemist who wishes to be kept informed and up-to-date with the latest and most important developments.
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