Copper as a Biocidal Tool
Authors: Borkow, Gadi; Gabbay, Jeffrey
Source: Current Medicinal Chemistry, Volume 12, Number 18, August 2005 , pp. 2163-2175(13)
Publisher: Bentham Science Publishers
Abstract:Copper ions, either alone or in copper complexes, have been used to disinfect liquids, solids and human tissue for centuries. Today copper is used as a water purifier, algaecide, fungicide, nematocide, molluscicide as well as an antibacterial and anti-fouling agent. Copper also displays potent anti-viral activity. This article reviews (i) the biocidal properties of copper; (ii) the possible mechanisms by which copper is toxic to microorganisms; and (iii) the systems by which many microorganisms resist high concentrations of heavy metals, with an emphasis on copper.
Document Type: Review Article
Affiliations: Hameyasdim 44, Kfar Gibton 76910, Israel.
Publication date: August 2005
- Current Medicinal Chemistry covers all the latest and outstanding developments in medicinal chemistry and rational drug design. Each issue contains a series of timely in-depth reviews written by leaders in the field covering a range of the current topics in medicinal chemistry. Current Medicinal Chemistry is an essential journal for every medicinal chemist who wishes to be kept informed and up-to-date with the latest and most important developments.