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Sample Pretreatment and Determination of Non Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs) in Pharmaceutical Formulations and Biological Samples (Blood, Plasma, Erythrocytes) by HPLC-UV-MS and μ-HPLC

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The article discusses the qualitative and quantitative determination of non-steroidal antiinflammatory drugs like salicin, salicylic acid, tenoxicam, ketorolac, piroxicam, tolmetin, naproxen, flurbiprofen, diclofenac and ibuprofen by reversed phase high performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) and micro-HPLC (μ-HPLC) hyphenated with UV-absorbance and mass spectrometric detection. Both detection methods delivered calibration plots with good linearity (r2 < 0.9800), limits of detection in the low nanogram range and recovery rates between 94 and 104 %. For the analysis of biological samples such as blood, plasma and erythrocytes liquid-liquid extraction (LLE) and solid phase extraction (SPE) on the basis of new synthesized glycidylmethacrylate / divinylbenzene copolymer (GMA / DVB) particles and commercially available material on the basis of poly(divinylbenzene-co-N-vinylpyrrolidone) copolymer were investigated. Finally the use of a μ-HPLC system with separation columns in the range of 8 cm × 200 m I.D. for the determination of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) is presented, emphasizing on the type of column and sample amount needed.

Keywords: antirheumatic; blood; erythrocytes; extraction; glycidylmetharylate/divinylbenzene copolymer; hplc; mass spectrometry; plasma

Document Type: Review Article


Affiliations: Institute of Analytical Chemistry and Radiochemistry, Leopold-Franzens University, Innrain 52a, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria.

Publication date: March 1, 2005

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  • Current Medicinal Chemistry covers all the latest and outstanding developments in medicinal chemistry and rational drug design. Each issue contains a series of timely in-depth reviews written by leaders in the field covering a range of the current topics in medicinal chemistry. Current Medicinal Chemistry is an essential journal for every medicinal chemist who wishes to be kept informed and up-to-date with the latest and most important developments.

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