S-Nitrosothiols as Nitric Oxide-Donors: Chemistry, Biology and Possible Future Therapeutic Applications
Authors: H. H. Al-Sa'doni; A. Ferro
Source: Current Medicinal Chemistry, Volume 11, Number 20, October 2004 , pp. 2679-2690(12)
Publisher: Bentham Science Publishers
Abstract:In recent years, the gaseous molecule nitric oxide (NO) has been shown to be involved in many important biological events. S-Nitrosothiols are biological substances derived endogenously from NO, and are found in a variety of tissues exhibiting NO-mimetic activity. Fundamental studies on the chemical aspects of S-nitrosothiols have become an integral part of NO research, with a view to further understanding the numerous biological functions both of NO and of S-nitrosothiols themselves. It has often been suggested that Snitrosothiols represent a means either for the storage or transport of NO, although the evidence for this is sparse. Many S-nitrosothiols have now been synthesized chemically, and at present they show the most promise as clinically useful NO-donor drugs. In this review, we examine in detail the biological functions of Snitrosothiols, as well as the chemical properties and biomedical applications of these compounds.
Document Type: Review article
Publication date: 2004-10-01
- Current Medicinal Chemistry covers all the latest and outstanding developments in medicinal chemistry and rational drug design. Each issue contains a series of timely in-depth reviews written by leaders in the field covering a range of the current topics in medicinal chemistry. Current Medicinal Chemistry is an essential journal for every medicinal chemist who wishes to be kept informed and up-to-date with the latest and most important developments.