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Recent Advances in Artemisinin and Its Derivatives as Antimalarial and Antitumor Agents

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Abstract:

Artemisinin, the first and last naturally occurring 1, 2, 4-trioxane originated from Artemisia annua, L. and its derivatives are a potent class of antimalarial drugs. The clinical efficacy of these drugs is characterized by an almost immediate onset and rapid reduction of parasitemia, and it is high in such areas as well where multidrug-resistance is rampant. Furthermore, artemisinin and many of its analog possess not only antiparasitic effect against Plasmodium falciparum, Schistosoma japonicum and Clonorchis sinensi but also immuno-modulation effects, and antitumor activities. This review covers the chemistry of artemisinin including synthesis of acetal-, non acetaltype C-12 analogs, C-11- and C-13 derivatives from artemisitene, ring-contracted derivatives, dimers, and trimers. Modes of biological action of artemisinin - derived analogs are also reviewed. The main objective of this article is to review the literatures of recent progress taken place in chemistry, mode of biological actions of artemisinin, and its derivatives as antimalarial and antitumor agents during the last three years (1999-2001).

Keywords: antimalarial activity; antitumor activity; artemisinin; deoxoartemisinin; deoxoartemisitene; mode of action; plasmodium falciparum

Document Type: Review Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/0929867043365233

Affiliations: Dept. of Chemistry, Yonsei Univ., Seoul 120-749, Korea.

Publication date: May 1, 2004

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  • Current Medicinal Chemistry covers all the latest and outstanding developments in medicinal chemistry and rational drug design. Each issue contains a series of timely in-depth reviews written by leaders in the field covering a range of the current topics in medicinal chemistry. Current Medicinal Chemistry is an essential journal for every medicinal chemist who wishes to be kept informed and up-to-date with the latest and most important developments.
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