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Oxidative Stress, Antioxidants, and Endothelial Function

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Endothelial dysfunction, characterized by a loss in nitric oxide bioactivity, is an early event in the development of atherosclerosis and determines future vascular complications. Emerging evidence suggests a causal role for oxidative stress in this process. Reactive oxygen species can directly inactivate nitric oxide, modulate protein function and act as cellular signaling molecules. These events contribute to the initiation and progression of endothelial dysfunction. Considerable data also indicates that antioxidant compounds limit oxidative damage and restore endothelial function. The purpose of this review is to discuss these data and suggest novel approaches for lowering the oxidative stress in the vasculature.
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Keywords: antioxidants; endothelial function; nitric oxide; oxidative stress

Document Type: Review Article

Affiliations: Whitaker Cardiovascular Institute, School of Medicine, Boston University, 715 Albany St, Rm. W507, Boston MA 02118, USA.

Publication date: 2004-05-01

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  • Current Medicinal Chemistry covers all the latest and outstanding developments in medicinal chemistry and rational drug design. Each issue contains a series of timely in-depth reviews written by leaders in the field covering a range of the current topics in medicinal chemistry. Current Medicinal Chemistry is an essential journal for every medicinal chemist who wishes to be kept informed and up-to-date with the latest and most important developments.
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