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The Effects of Dietary Factors on the Androgen Receptor and Related Cellular Factors in Prostate Cancer

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It has been strongly suggested that androgens and the cognate receptor (AR) may play important roles in the development and progression of prostate cancer. The AR is a transcription factor consisting of three major domains, i.e., N-terminal transactivation, middle DNA binding, and C-terminal steroid binding domains. Molecular events of androgen induced activation of the AR include conformation change, phosphorylation, acetylation, genomic DNA binding, and co-regulator recruiting. Many of these events can be manipulated in certain prostate cancer cells in favor of their progression. Dietary compounds and certain herbs have recently drawn a great deal of attention because of their relevance to development of several cancers including prostate cancer. We discuss in depth the findings from our and other laboratories of effects of dietary factors or herbs on the function of the AR and potential mechanisms on expression of the AR and AR regulated genes. We further discuss the potential implication of these dietary chemicals on prevention of development and progression of prostate cancer.

Keywords: androgen receptor; dietary factors; herbs; phytochemicals; prostate cancer

Document Type: Review Article


Affiliations: Departments of Urology, Medical Oncology, and Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Mayo Medical Graduate School and Mayo Graduate School, Mayo Clinic / Foundation, Rochester, Minnesota, 55905, USA.

Publication date: April 1, 2004

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  • Current Medicinal Chemistry covers all the latest and outstanding developments in medicinal chemistry and rational drug design. Each issue contains a series of timely in-depth reviews written by leaders in the field covering a range of the current topics in medicinal chemistry. Current Medicinal Chemistry is an essential journal for every medicinal chemist who wishes to be kept informed and up-to-date with the latest and most important developments.

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